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Mastering Fire Safety: A Comprehensive Guide on How to Use a Fire Extinguisher


In any emergency situation, knowing how to properly use a fire extinguisher can be a lifesaver. Whether at home, in the workplace, or any public setting, understanding the correct steps to operate a fire extinguisher is crucial for effective fire suppression. In this blog post, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to use a fire extinguisher, empowering you with the knowledge to act swiftly and confidently in the event of a fire.

Understanding Fire Extinguishers

Fire extinguishers are vital tools for combating small fires. Before diving into the usage instructions, let's briefly review the different types of fire extinguishers and their corresponding fire classes:

Class A: Suitable for ordinary combustible materials like wood, paper, and cloth.

Class B: Designed for flammable liquids and gases such as gasoline, oil, and propane.

Class C: Intended for fires involving electrical equipment and appliances.

Class D: Used for flammable metals like titanium, magnesium, and sodium.

Class K: Specifically designed for kitchen fires caused by cooking oils and fats.

Selecting the Appropriate Fire Extinguisher

It is crucial to choose the correct type of fire extinguisher based on the fire class. Misusing an extinguisher can lead to further danger. If you are unsure about the type of fire extinguisher needed, contact City of Angels Fire at 213-725-3125 or visit their website at

Using a Fire Extinguisher

When using a fire extinguisher, remember the acronym PASS, which stands for:

Pull the pin: Remove the safety pin or tamper seal located on the extinguisher's handle.

Aim low: Point the extinguisher nozzle or hose at the base of the fire. Avoid targeting the flames directly, as it may spread the fire or disperse burning material.

Squeeze the lever: With a firm grip on the extinguisher, squeeze the lever or handle to discharge the extinguishing agent.

Sweep from side to side: Using a sweeping motion, move the extinguisher's nozzle or hose across the base of the fire, covering the entire area until the flames are extinguished.

Key Tips for Using a Fire Extinguisher

Here are some additional guidelines to keep in mind when operating a fire extinguisher:

Maintain a safe distance: Stand approximately 6 to 8 feet away from the fire to avoid inhaling smoke or sustaining burns.

Use the right technique: Always maintain control of the extinguisher and keep it upright while operating. Do not turn your back to the fire.

Continuously monitor the area: Even if you have extinguished the fire, keep an eye on the area to ensure it does not reignite.

Evacuate if necessary: If the fire becomes uncontrollable, your safety should be the top priority. Leave the area immediately and call emergency services.


Knowing how to use a fire extinguisher is a fundamental aspect of fire safety. By familiarizing yourself with the different types of extinguishers, understanding the PASS technique, and selecting the appropriate extinguisher for the fire class, you can play a vital role in preventing small fires from escalating. Remember, if you need assistance with fire safety equipment or have any further questions, City of Angels Fire offers Same Day service and fire safety classes.. Contact them at 213-725-3125 or visit their website at for professional assistance and guidance. Stay safe and be prepared!

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